County Coordination Units
ASDSP interventions at the County level are coordinated through the County Coordination Units (CCU), established in each of the country’s 47 counties. Each CCU is led by a County Coordinator who is assisted by four technical officers from sector ministries and other sector agencies.The main functions of the CCUs are to facilitate demand-driven and stakeholder-led problem identification; stakeholder-led identification of solutions; participate in operational partnerships with and mobilize resources from existing programmes, local agencies, NGOs, etc. to provide support to jointly agreed interventions. They are also charged with the preparation of project proposals and overseeing the implementation of ASDSP-sponsored contributions to partnership-based activities in the counties.
ASDSP-supported Value Chain Stakeholder Organizations
The various ASDSP-supported value chain (VC) stakeholder bodies constitute the core implementing drivers of VC development initiatives supported by the Programme. The ASDSP supports the following categories of local VC stakeholder bodies:
Common Interest Groups (CIG)
CIGs are community groups formed to produce and market a common product. They constitute important foundation organizations that evolve into Value Chain Groups. The programme offers support to CIGs by entering into operational partnerships with existing NGOs or programmes specialized in forming and supporting CIGs. CIG support is particularly important as a means to linking marginalized and vulnerable groups into value chains.
Value Chain Groups (VCG)
These are horizontal VC stakeholder organizations comprising of members with a common interest in the production and marketing of a particular commodity, e.g. input providers, producers, traders, processing entities, consumers, etc. A VCG is by definition, a group engaged in activities ranging from providing production inputs to marketing a particular commodity, i.e. engaged in commercial transactions either upstream or downstream in a value chain.
VCGs are constituted when existing and new Common Interest Groups join production and marketing VCGs to build their collective capacity to participate effectively in the value chain by reducing their marketing costs, attracting market players through bulking of products, and improving their bargaining strength vis-à-vis other chain actors. They are either informal groups, locally or nationally registered groups, cooperatives or a limited liability companies. Cross County linkages form multi-county VCG associations or federations.
Value Chain Platforms (VCP)
These are vertical VC stakeholder bodies that bring together VCGs with a similar commodity focus. The defining characteristic of a VCP is that all participants have a common interest in activities that support a particular value chain. VCP is VC specific, bringing together stakeholders engaged in a single value chain either in the county, region or nationally. Thus a value chain platform comprises of representatives of producers, processors, traders, wholesalers, retailers, researchers, microfinance, NGOs, etc. A VCP may also include stakeholders involved in the production of related commodities, e.g. stakeholders engaged in milk production and forage crop production may both be members of a VCP as they have important common interests. VCPs are well positioned as a forum for negotiating and promoting efficiencies that require broader agreement and cooperation along the value chain (e.g. quality standards), and for addressing disputes among the various value chain constituencies.
Value Chain Forums (VCF)
VCFs are stakeholder meetings where many different value chains are represented by a wide spectrum of value chain stakeholders and Value Chain Development support agents. For example, at the county level, an early task in each county is to prioritize the value chains for ASDSP support in the county. As only a limited number of VCs will be prioritized, representatives of all VCs active in the county are included in this process to ensure this choice is made in an equitable and inclusive fashion. The VCF creates transparency and broad-based support for ASDSP value chain priorities in the county. Regional or national VCFs are also convened to address general issues related to value chains and agricultural sector growth in the context of the ASDSP. The National VCF brings together representatives of all value chains and affiliated stakeholders at the national level on an annual basis.